, 1997; and forthcoming in mute (London, Fall 1997).
John Cayley. '"Why did people make things like this..."' The Electronic Book Review, number
Interview (on my cybertextual and translation work and undertaken by Fiona Templeton and Caroline Bergvall), forthcoming in The Edinburgh Review, Edinburgh, fall 1997.
(Publications from Indra's Net in disk format are in the collection of the National Art Library housed at the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, UK where they can be made available to readers.)
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Jackson Mac Low in the United States has created a substantial and important body of process-based work,
as have certain artists of the Fluxus group, particularly Emmett Williams;
and 'Indra's Net' also shares characteristics with work by a group of writers in France who experiment with 'constrictive form', the 'OuLiPo' (Ouvroir de Litterature Potentielle, founded in 1961 by Raymond Queneau; best-known members - to English readers - Georges Perec and Harry Mathews).
The well-known critic, Hugh Kenner and Joseph O'Rourke produced an interesting program called 'Travesty' (Byte, Nov. 1984) which modulated any piece of language fed into in it by reproducing patterns of letters or words which the program found in a text at different user-definable levels or 'orders'. The procedure is different from Cayley's collocational processes but produces similar results at certain (higher) orders.
More recently, C. O. Hartman, also a poet and critic, programmed varieties of Jackson Mac Low's 'diastic' procedures which again, entirely independently, are similar to the Indra's Net mesostic processes. Mac Low's diastics, pure and simple, can be studied in his 'The Virginia Woolf Poems' (Providence: Burning Deck, 1985). Hartman's contribution was later brought to bear in Mac Low's 'Mertzgedicte' (Station Hill, n.d. ?1994).
Most recently, Hartman has published 'Sentences' (Los Angeles: Sun & Moon, 1995), bringing all these developments together in a published form.
Indra's Net clearly also bears a relationship to the burgeoning world of hypertext literature (see the links through Robert Kendall's site, below).
The following are a few active writers of 'machine modulated poetry'. They are all also working on their own self-definitions and theoretical positions and I refer you to their work itself.
Jim Rosenberg. Essential. Intergrams. Diffractions through.... Challenges to comfortable notions of link-node hypertext and static lexia.
Eduardo Kac. Who also makes 'actual', visual holograms of poetic work or 'holopoems'.
Robert Kendall. Early explorer of kinetic poetry on the programmaton with an excellent web site of relevant resources and links.
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